Car financing is the process of obtaining a loan to purchase a vehicle. It involves using the borrowed funds to cover the cost of the car, and then making payments on the loan over a period of time. The borrower must agree to repay the loan in full, with interest, by a predetermined date.

The amount that can be borrowed is determined by several factors including credit score, annual income and current debt levels. Generally speaking, higher credit scores will qualify for larger loan amounts and better interest rates. Additionally, borrowers may need to make a down payment on the vehicle which can range from 5-20% of its total cost.

Once approved for financing, borrowers must decide between leasing or purchasing their vehicle. A lease provides lower monthly payments but does not allow for ownership of the vehicle after it is paid off; whereas purchasing allows for ownership but requires making larger payments over a set term of months or years.

In either case, borrowers are responsible for any additional costs associated with owning a car such as insurance, registration fees, and maintenance costs. Additionally, if payments are not made in full or on time each month it could negatively impact their credit score and they may face stiff late fees or repossession of their vehicle if they fall behind too much on their payments.