Overview of a VIN structure
A vehicle identification number (VIN)
is a unique code that is assigned to automobiles, buses, trucks, motorcycles, recreational vehicles, motor homes, and tractors. The VIN is made up of 17 digits comprising both numbers and letters.
Explanation of each VIN character’s significance
World Manufacturer Identifier (WMI)
: Identifies the manufacturer and the country or region where the vehicle was built.
Vehicle Descriptor Section (VDS)
- 1 – Country of Origin: The first character represents the country of origin. For example, if it starts with a 1, 4, or 5, it indicates that the vehicle was manufactured in the United States. For Mitsubishi, this is usually “J” for Japan.
- 2 – Manufacturer: The second character identifies the manufacturer. Each manufacturer has a specific code assigned to them. In the case of Mitsubishi, it is usually “M.”
- 3 – Vehicle Type: The third character represents the type or the division of the manufacturer. It could be a car, truck, SUV, etc.
: This section provides details about the attributes, It helps differentiate between different variations of a particular model.
Vehicle Identification Section (VIS)
- 4 – Engine Type: The fourth character indicates the type of engine used. It could be a petrol, diesel, electric, or hybrid engine.
- 5 – Vehicle Line: The fifth character denotes the specific line or series.
- 6 – Body Type: The sixth character identifies the body type, such as sedan, coupe, SUV, convertible, etc.
- 7 – Restraint System: The seventh character indicates the type of restraint system, such as airbags, seat belts, etc.
- 8 -Transmission Type: The eighth character represents the type of transmission installed, whether it is automatic, manual, or another type.
- 9 – Model Year: The ninth character signifies the Mitsubishi model year or the year in which the vehicle was produced.
: This section focuses on the specific vehicle’s production sequence, serving as a unique identifier for each individual unit.
- 10 – Assembly Plant: The tenth character indicates the manufacturing plant.
- 11 to 17 – Serial Numbers: The remaining characters (11-17) represent the serial number or production sequence, which is unique to individual units.
Understanding the significance of each character in a VIN can provide important information about an automobile’s origin, manufacturer, type, and other details.